International Conference
With colleagues from several universities, OCD convened 25 of the world’s experts on research, practice, and policy pertaining to children without permanent parents, especially those who reside in or have spent time in orphanages.

A monograph of literature reviews—
The Effects of Early Social-Emotional and Relationship Experience on the Development of Young Orphanage Children—was published in 2008. The complete book is available to download from our International Orphanage Publications, or click here to download a PDF of the last chapter of the monograph.

For more information, please contact Ken Smythe-Leistico, Assistant Director, at 412.244.5360 or